Field report: Forced Labor in Uzbek Cotton Harvest


To seek an end to the mass forced labor regime enacted by the Uzbek Government during the annual cotton harvest. Freedom United sought this in two ways: 1) by urging major South Korean company Daewoo to stop business with the Uzbek Government and; 2) by encouraging the World Bank to suspend loans to the Uzbek Government.


In 2014, we launched a campaign against Daewoo, one of the largest processors of Uzbek cotton, calling on it to stop its operations in the country until the International Labour Organization verifies the Uzbek Government has put a stop to its forced labour regime. 107,342 Freedom United supporters took action on the campaign, and we delivered our petition directly to Daewoo in South Korea.

In 2015, alongside the International Labor Rights Forum, we ran a public initiative to pressure the World Bank to suspend its loans to the Uzbek Government.  Petitions were launched and a social media blitz began. On Human Rights Day 2015, a public protest was held at the World Bank Headquarters in Washington DC that included the projection of a 5-minute video onto the exterior of the World Bank Headquarters. The video displayed images of forced labor in Uzbekistan, key facts, our successful petition numbers, and logos of all the organizations partnering with us on this initiative. Following several high-profile campaign events, the posting of a Huffington Post blog, and hundreds of social media shares, a petition of 136,109 signatures was delivered to the World Bank


Awareness of the Uzbek forced labor regime was significantly raised among the public adding to pressure that eventually, in the cotton harvest of fall 2021, led to confirmation that the system of state-imposted forced labor had ended. While the World Bank publicly condemned the use of forced labor in Uzbekistan, it did not commit to suspending loans to Uzbekistan. You can read more about our effort to end the system as members of the Cotton Campaign, and our announcement of the lifting of the ban on Uzbek cotton in March 2022 here.  Unfortunately, Daewoo did not put an end to its business in Uzbekistan.


Every year the Uzbek government forces farmers to grow cotton and meet strict quotas. Failure to comply can result in the loss of the farm’s lease, public harassment, criminal charges, and fines. Disturbingly, Uzbekistan has cracked down on human rights activists speaking out against the practice. 

Our partner in this campaign:

Cotton Campaign Logo

Cotton Campaign

The Cotton Campaign is a coalition of human rights organizations, trade unions, socially responsible investors and business associations united to end forced labor of children and adults in the cotton industry in Uzbekistan. Since 2007, the Cotton Campaign has advocated with governments, companies and investors to use their leverage to end this continuous and systematic human rights violation. Its advocacy has contributed to key steps towards securing fundamental labor rights for Uzbek and Turkmen citizens.

Global labor justice international labor rights forum

Global Labor Justice – International Labor Rights Forum (GLJ-ILRF)

Global Labor Justice – International Labor Rights Forum (GLJ-ILRF) is a human rights organization that advocates for workers globally. It holds global corporations accountable for labor rights violations in their supply chains, advances policies and laws that protect workers, and strengthens workers’ ability to advocate for their rights. GLJ-ILRF works with trade unions, faith-based organizations, and community groups to support workers and their families.

Rotarian Action Group Against Slavery

The Rotarian Action Group Against Slavery (RAGAS) is an independent action arm in the family of Rotary International. The Group’s aim are two-fold: to raise awareness of slavery and human trafficking and to take action to protect people against slavery and its consequences. RAGAS looks to provide information about, and promote ways for its members to engage and support anti-slavery and human trafficking projects, programmes and campaigns.