The war in Libya is exacerbating the migrant and refugee crisis. And the European Union’s support for authoritarian regimes is part of the problem, according to the European Council on Foreign Relations.
With aid from the EU, the Libyan coastguard has been intercepting boats of migrants and refugees in the Mediterranean Sea, returning them back to the Libyan capital and throwing them in migrant detention centers.
These centers have been infamous for deplorable conditions, including arbitrary detention, torture, starvation, and slavery. Incredibly, some 200 migrants were sent back to the Tajoura detention center within days after it being hit by an airstrike — killing 53 people inside.
The ECFR explains:
This dark reality of European migration policy exposes tension between the EU’s ambitions as a normative power and its perceived self-interest in reducing migration at any cost. This includes making partnerships with authoritarian regimes or fractured, war-torn countries to stop would-be migrants and refugees from reaching Europe.
Because Libya has no regular security sector, militias have become European partners on migration policy. As such, migrant detention centres, many financially supported by the EU Trust Fund for Africa, are merely makeshift prisons appended onto existing militia bases. This means migrants are trapped among arms caches and armouries, now in the midst of a warzone.
Indeed, the Tajoura detention centre is one such camp, adjacent to the barracks of the pro-government militia, the Dhaman brigade, and their weapons workshop. Survivors of the 3 July attack claim that the local militia forced them to work in the armoury. If they refused, they allegedly risked being shot.
The ECFR notes that some politicians have argued that there is a success story to be seen in hardline migration policies; the number of migrants and refugees reaching Europe’s shores have decreased.
Yet while that figure has decreased, the rate of deaths has increased: “one death for every 38 arrivals in 2017 to one for every 14 arrivals in 2018, to one for every three arrivals in the first four months of 2019.”
Secondly, the EU is not a “military power,” writes ECFR.
“Its role on the international stage is driven by aspirations to be a soft power, promoting democratic reform and human rights. Yet EU migration deals with dubious partners are indelibly tainting such symbolic capital and its future potential to support peace and stability.”