New York state has announced new measures to cheaply produce large quantities of hand sanitizer to combat its worsening coronavirus outbreak. But the plan has been widely criticized for relying on prison labor.
The ongoing global outbreak of COVID-19 has led to widespread shortages of alcohol-based hand sanitizer in New York state, which has among the highest number of confirmed cases in the country.
The new plan, announced by state governor Andrew Cuomo in a news conference on Monday, will tackle the shortage by providing up to 100,000 gallons (378,541 liters) of state-made hand sanitizer to New York’s most impacted communities.
But activists, politicians, and ordinary citizens have decried the use of a system that many argue amounts to modern slavery to tackle the spread of COVID-19, calling the scenario “dystopian.”
Perhaps most ironically, hand sanitizer is considered contraband in New York prisons because of its high alcohol content, leading many to question whether inmates will even be allowed to use the product themselves.
The Washington Post reports:
At Monday’s news conference, Cuomo proudly pointed out the antibacterial gel would cost just $6 a gallon to produce. Liberal politicians and advocates for criminal justice reform quickly realized why it was so cheap and excoriated the governor for relying on “slave labor” to slow the spread of the virus.
“Wow,” tweeted Rep. Ayanna Pressley (D-Mass.) “Considering that many incarcerated men & women are subjected to inhumane conditions, including no hand soap, & hand sanitizer is banned in most prisons, this is especially demeaning, ironic & exploitative.”
Pressley is alluding to the well-documented low levels of sanitation in jails, including broken sinks, lack of soap, and shared toilets, which makes incarcerated people uniquely vulnerable to the coronavirus outbreak.
One inmate reported being punished for taking a squirt of hand sanitizer as she left a doctor’s appointment, receiving verbal abuse and losing certain privileges for more than a week.
According to the International Labour Organization, prison labor is not inherently forced labor, but it may be considered forced if certain indicators of free labor are not present, including wages comparable to free workers, the ability to withdraw consent, and safety and health measures.
The minimum wage in New York ranges from $11.80 to $15 an hour; incarcerated people only receive between 16 cents and $1.30 an hour, with an average wage of 65 cents. Governor Cuomo did not immediately clarify how much inmates would be paid to make the hand sanitizer.
In a statement, the advocacy group Legal Aid Society called New York’s hand sanitizer plan “nothing less than slave labor.”
“These individuals work for less than a dollar a day under threat of punishment – including solitary confinement – if they refuse. [New York state] must pay these individuals the minimum wage and lawmakers must legislate to eradicate forced labor across our state for good.”
Freedom United is currently campaigning against forced prison labor in California, which made similar use of emergency prison labor during its wildfire crisis last year.