Nearly everyone agrees that children who have been trafficked for sexual exploitation deserve to be treated with care and respect.
What you may not know is that many commonly used terms to describe people affected by modern slavery are problematic. In recent years there has been a push for the media, law enforcement, and advocates to use terms such as “survivor” rather than “slave” — thus allowing individuals to not be boxed-in by a label tied to their exploitation.
Related Campaign: Show respect for survivor stories.
Two years ago, an inter-agency working group of 18 international organizations, including ECPAT, UNICEF, Interpol, and Save the Children released a report known as the Luxembourg Guidelines. The report provides guidance on using terms that are less stigmatizing to children who have been trafficked.
As on of the lead authors, Dr. Susanna Greijer, explains, “We found legal instruments used to protect children were having a harmful effect on the victims, who felt stigmatized and ashamed by the way they were depicted in media, but also in our own reports as child protection professionals.”
CNN: What are, say, three terms you would consider harmful to these survivors of child sexual abuse?
Dr. Greijer: “So one, child pornography. There is no such thing as “child pornography.” We realized that when we add the term “child” with the term “pornography,” we come up with something that would somehow insinuate consent on behalf of the child to be part of a pornographic spectacle or performance.”
“So when we address what used to be called “child pornography,” we’re really talking about images that fit your registrations of crime scenes and of children being sexually abused. That’s what it is. So let’s call it for what it is. It’s images, or material, of sexual abuse of children. So I would say use the term, “child sexual abuse material.”
“Number two: Child Prostitution. There is no such thing as “child prostitution” either. Children cannot consent to their own sexual exploitation. So they are not child prostitutes. They are victims of sexual exploitation. So we should call it the “exploitation of children for prostitution.” Sexual exploitation can often take place in the framework of prostitution circles, but we should also always underline the fact that we are talking about exploitation, which is a crime.”
“And number three: Child Sex Tourism. It’s not just another form of tourism, it’s sexual exploitation of children taking place in the context of tourism and travel. So that’s what we should be talking about…we now use an abbreviation, SECTT, which stands for the “sexual exploitation of children in travel and tourism.”
Dr. Greijer added that Interpol has also indicated that the term “child pornography” is outdated and harmful.
Furthermore, some laws around the world are beginning to use language such as “sexual exploitation of children” rather than “child prostitution” and “child pornography.”