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Defining Kinds of Human Trafficking

  • Published on
    April 10, 2016
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Defining kinds of human trafficking helps clarify the terms. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crimes gave explanations to make the offence easier to understand…

According to them, human trafficking is defined as “the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the treatment or use of force or other forms of coercion.”

Trafficking of individuals is a serious crime and a heinous violation of human rights.“Every year, thousands of men, women and children fall into the hands of traffickers, in their own countries and abroad. Almost every country in the world is affected by trafficking, whether as a country of origin, transit or destination for victims,” said the UN.

This article lists seven categories linked to human trafficking:

Sex Trafficking

Consider that 53 % of the victims are forced into sexual exploitation. “Sex trafficking is the recruitment, transportation, or harboring of persons through threat, use of force, or other coercion for the purpose of sexual exploitation. This includes movement across borders, as well as within the victim’s own country.”

There is a global illegal profit of $100 billion for forced commercial sexual exploitation explains the International Labour Organization.

Contributing to the sex industry is “the perceived inferior status of women in many parts of the world has contributed to the expansion of the trafficking industry.”

Involuntary Domestic Servitude

When a domestic employee gets entrapped in a position of exploitation.

End Slavery Now gives a clear definition: “Domestic servitude is the seemingly normal practice of live-in help that is used as a cover for the exploitation and control of someone, usually from another country. It is a form of forced labor, but it also warrants its own category of slavery because of the unique contexts and challenges it presents.”

Forced Labor

Human Trafficking Search says, “Forced labor is work or service that is extorted from someone under the menace of any penalty and work or service that the person has not offered voluntarily.” The International Labour Organization estimated that approximately 20.9 million people victims of forced labor.

Debt Bondage

The same organization defines debt bondage: “Debt bondage is a type of forced labor, involving a debt that cannot be paid off in a reasonable time.” It is a period of debt during which there is no freedom, consequently, it is also known as debt slavery.

Child Soldiers

Child soldiers are less than 18-years-old.  They are recruited by armed forces. Today there are thousands of such young soldiers.

“The definition includes both boys and girls who are used as fighters, cooks, porters, messengers, spies, or for sexual purposes.”

Child Sex Trafficking

Approximately 1.8 million children around the globe are subjected to sex work or pornography.

Child Labor

A child is considered to be involved in child labor activities if this minor is between the ages of 0 and 18, is involved in a type of work inappropriate for their age and in a dangerous work environment.

To read the entire article, defining kinds of human slavery, click on the link below.

View Article on The Borgen Project


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