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Uyghur forced labor taints global seafood supply chain

  • Published on
    October 9, 2023
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  • Category:
    Forced Labor, Supply Chain
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A recent investigation by the Outlaw Ocean Project, in collaboration with The New Yorker, exposes deep-rooted human rights violations, including forced labor, within the global seafood industry.

While the global community has condemned the use of Uyghur forced labor, it has largely overlooked China’s seafood industry. China is the leading supplier of seafood to the United States and Europe, with a significant portion of it processed in Shandong Province. It has come to light that at least a thousand Uyghurs, under coercion, have been sent to work in seafood-processing factories in Shandong since 2018.

This disturbing practice is part of a broader labor-transfer program initiated by the Chinese state, forcibly sending Uyghurs to work in various industries across the country. Under duress, these Uyghur laborers contribute to the production of various products in factories across China. Uyghurs who manage to escape the program share tales of torture and that, “We didn’t have a choice but to go.”

What auditors miss

While seafood supply chains are notoriously challenging to monitor, investigators managed to gather evidence from surprising sources such as social media. Social media posts, including videos, from these workers, though veiled, indicate their discontent and suffering.

Ian Urbina for the New Yorker shares,

One worker posted a video showing himself gutting fish at Yantai Longwin Foods. “Do you think there is love in Shandong?” the voice-over asks. “There is only waking up at five-thirty every morning, non-stop work, and the never-ending sharpening of knives and gutting of fish.” (Yantai Longwin Foods did not respond to a request for comment.) Another video shows a fish-packing line, and includes a sound used commonly on Douyin:

“How much do you get paid in a month?” one man asks.

“Three thousand,” a second responds.

“Then why are you still not happy?”

“Because I have no choice.”

The investigation discovered that more than ten Chinese seafood companies have employed over 1,000 Uyghur workers since 2018. Most alarmingly, many of these companies have been certified by industry authorities and passed inspections by leading auditing firms.

Private investigators uncovered evidence of Uyghur workers at seafood plants where official inspections had given a clean bill of health.

Forced labor seafood at your local Costco

The investigation revealed that over 47,000 metric tons of seafood, encompassing various species such as cod, pollock, shrimp, salmon, crab, and squid, have been sent to the U.S. from these facilities – despite the American “model” legislation banning products made with Uyghur forced labor. This tainted seafood has been traced to retailers like Costco, Kroger, H Mart, Safeway, and global food service firms, including Sysco and Performance Food Group.

With auditing processes failing, experts suggest an overhaul of monitoring systems or banning all seafood imports from China until forced labor-free supply chains can be guaranteed.

Freedom United finds this report shocking and will continue to advocate for the dismantling of the Uyghur forced labor system.

Take action today and stand with us against Uyghur forced labor.

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