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Qatar Poised to Abolish the Kafala System in Two Months

  • Published on
    January 29, 2018
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  • Category:
    Debt Bondage, Domestic Slavery, Forced Labor, Human Trafficking, Law & Policy, Rehabilitation & Liberation
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Qatar is promising to abolish the kafala system in time for the World Cup in 2022 and usher in major migrant labor reforms according the the International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC). Qatar claims it will end the kafala system — a sponsorship scheme likened to modern slavery — within the next two months.

Related campaign: Help end forced labor in Qatar.

The General Secretary of the ITUC, Sharan Burrow, expressed high confidence in the changes. “I am confident the kafala system is on its way out in Qatar and that will free two million migrant workers. By the end of March we will have seen the worst of kafala off the agenda and the beginnings of a mature industrial relations structure,” she said.

Speaking to The Independent, Burrow explained why the kafala system can easily exploit migrant workers:

“The kafala system means a system of modern slavery where you’re effectively owned by one other person. You go to an agency, you sign a contract but when you arrive in a country under the kafala system an employer can be honourable or not.

Many are not and they tear up the contract, substitute them with others, or not at all, and you’ll be paid half of the wages. You’re then absolutely dependent on the employers for your accommodation, the bulk of which is squalid or unsanitary, and there’s poor food and extreme working environment.

And, of course, when you seek remedy the court system is inadequate, could take up to two years and is hostile to people for whom Arabic is not their first language.

When it gets all too much and you want to go home you find that the employer refuses to sign your exit visa and refuses to sign a transfer of work so you are trapped in Qatar or trapped without work.”

Besides abolishing the kafala system, Qatar also claims that it will put in place other major reforms, including:

  • an ILO office in Doha to oversee reform
  • a labor tribunal to resolve disputes within three weeks.
  • all contracts lodged with the government to prevent substitution
  • residency permits and the elimination of exit visas.
  • workers free to leave country either for home leave or at end of their contract.
  • support fund from the government to pay for employee’s journey home, after which authorities would have to sue employers to get money back.
  • domestic workers’ hours regulated and given a day off each week.

Still, some stress being cautious about the big promises. Campaigner Nicholas McGeehan noted that Qatar is “making all the right noises on labor reform . . . but the long view of this suggests we should be cautious. Reforms move slowly, and radical reforms are likely to move even slower. And promises have been broken before.”


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Miriam Karmali
5 years ago
Reply to  Wendy smith

Hi Wendy,

Thank you for feeling inspired to take action. You can add your name and share our call for an end to the Kafala system in Qatar today.

Wendy smith
Wendy smith
5 years ago

the documentary I watched about this really touched me and I want to do something to help stop this discusting way these poor women are treated.

Sophia Keller, RN, MA, EAMP
Sophia Keller, RN, MA, EAMP
6 years ago

This is a great plan if it can be properly implemented. Kafara is terrible in Dubai where Nepalis are often held in virtual slave contracts and paid very low wages — with the complicity of the Nepalese government! Qatar has stepped up strongly to shake off many of these practices, and is becoming a positive role model for its neighbors. May their progress continue!

6 years ago

Yes, let’s call it Tier 2 from now on

Vicki Zacharewicz
Vicki Zacharewicz
6 years ago

It’s a start. It will not help those that have already suffered building the world cup stadiums though.

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