The special procedures of the Human Rights Council are independent human rights experts with mandates to report and advise on human rights. The mandate of the UN Special Rapporteur on Contemporary Forms of Slavery was created in 2008. In her formal capacity, Urmila Bhoola carries out country visits, receives and considers individual cases of complaints of modern slavery, and makes recommendations to governments. Like all other special procedures, she reports annually to the UN Human Rights Council.
UN Special rapporteur on Contemporary forms of slavery
The Human Rights Council appointed Urmila Bhoola as Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of slavery, including its causes and consequences. Urmila is an international human rights lawyer and former Judge of the Labour Court of South Africa. Urmila succeeded the inaugural Special Rapporteur Gulnara Shahinian, who was appointed when the mandate was created in 2008.
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Who is the UN Special Rapporteur?
The first UN Special Rapporteur on Contemporary Forms of Slavery was Ms. Gulnara Shahinian, who was appointed in 2008 for a standard 3 year period that was renewed. In May 2014 the Human Rights Council appointed Ms. Urmila Bhoola, an international human rights lawyer and former Judge of the LabourCourt of South Africa. Before her appointment in this voluntary role, Ms. Bhoola was Executive Director of International Women’s Rights Action Watch Asia Pacific.
The UN Special Rapporteur on Contemporary Forms of Slavery can request to visit a country so that she can carry out a fact-finding mission but will not visit until she has received an invitation. On her return, she will draw up a list of recommendations for the country to implement.