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Italy and EU complicit in crimes against humanity for renewing pact with Libya

  • Published on
    February 2, 2023
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  • Category:
    Human Trafficking, Law & Policy
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Last week an inhumane migration pact between Italy and Libya was automatically renewed for three years after the November deadline for cancellation passed.

Inhumane Memorandum of Understanding

The Memorandum of Understanding delineates the cooperation agreement between Italy and Libya, providing Libya with technical and financial assistance to “combat illegal immigration” and push migrants back to Libya where they face forced labor, torture, enslavement and extreme violence.

Humanitarian groups and NGOs have warned that by failing to cancel this pact, Italy and the EU are complicit in subjecting migrants to well documented abuses that are occurring in Libya. The prosecutor of the International Criminal Court found in September 2022 that crimes against migrants in Libya “may constitute crimes against humanity and war crimes”.

Al Jazeera reports:

While about 9,000 refugees were evacuated from Libya by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) through an emergency mechanism since 2017, the rights watchdog said the measures were “a fig leaf” that “do not absolve Italy and other EU member states from their responsibility”.


The EU has allocated 57.2 million euros ($62.8m) for integrated border and migration management in Libya since 2017. Its border agency Frontex also provides surveillance information used by Libya to intercept refugees and migrants.

Urgent calls to halt assistance to Libya

Matteo de Bellis, researcher on asylum and migration at Amnesty International, said “Italian authorities are fully aware that the tools they are providing will be instrumental to more human rights violations”. Human Rights Watch has also urgently called on Italy and the EU to immediately halt support to Libyan coastguard.

In October 2022, the Freedom United community tweeted at the Ambassador of Italy to Libya and the Ministry of the Interior, calling for the cancellation of the agreement. The memorandum is facilitating the enslavement of people in Libya and it is a disgrace that it has been allowed to be renewed.

This cooperation is trapping people in Libya, a country where they face forced labor, arbitrary detention, torture, extortion and other forms of abuse. We must keep calling out the EU for their complicity in modern slavery in Libya. Add your voice by signing the petition today!


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Monica Burns
1 year ago
Reply to  T W

Hello. The Freedom United community is campaigning for the E.U. to: 1. Cease funding for the Libyan Coastguard 2. Push to close all migrant detention centers in Libya, release and evacuate of all men, women and children currently detained there 3. Set up of a disembarkation and relocation mechanism for people rescued in the Mediterranean Sea not tied to the Libyan Coastguard Our demands for Libya include: 1. Urgently facilitate IOM, UNHCR and other evacuation flights from Libya 2. Sign and ratify the 1951 Geneva Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol 3. Formally recognise UNHCR… Read more »

1 year ago

Help me understand what FU wants. Ultimately it sounds like Libya must change their laws, strengthen labour laws for citizens and non citizens alike as per how many ‘western’ democracies enshrine human rights into their laws. I don’t see any remarks (not in this article) to that effect i.e., how the 57 million Euros could be spent changing Libya’s policies.
How does this agreement address legal migration efforts?

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