With the balance of power between employer and employee widening during the COVID-19 pandemic, experts in South Australia are worried that worker exploitation is increasing.
As reported by ABC Australia, in South Australia’s Riverland region, workers have allegedly only been earning between $8 to $10 an hour picking fruit in recent months.
In a report published in late 2019, modern slavery was already found to be prevalent in Riverland, with one in three workers not legitimately employed on some properties.
The report also details how international workers have been subject to performing sexual favors to receive more hours, having their passports confiscated and not feeling free to leave their jobs.
The author of the 2019 report, Dr Marinella Marmo, associate professor of law at Flinders University, worries that international students who have not been able to return to their home countries because of the pandemic are particularly vulnerable to exploitation.
Speaking to ABC Australia, she stated:
“They lost their job at the beginning of the year in hospitality and commercial cleaning in Adelaide and so they moved into the regional area to fill a market with no competition coming in from either overseas or interstate…The situation is the pandemic has accelerated the cycle of vulnerability and has expanded to include these people who were less vulnerable before.”
Amnesty International campaigner Joel Mckay concurred that more cases of modern slavery had been noticed and investigated in Australia in recent times, particularly in fruit picking, farming and rural based industries.
Mr. Mckay also raised concerns about the increased vulnerability of international students as a result of the pandemic:
“We’ve seen throughout COVID-19 people [affected], like international students, who haven’t been able to find work, who have had no income, and basically who are stuck in Australia and not able to go home and they’re not studying…they’ve become extremely vulnerable to being affected by work exploitation and modern slavery.”
Prior to the pandemic, South Australia’s Shadow Minister for Status of Women Katrine Hildyard presented a motion to the State’s Upper House calling for an inquiry into the issue of modern slavery and slavery-like practices in South Australia based on Dr Mamo’s research; however, the motion was shot down by the state government.
It remains to be seen whether the state will consider the issue of modern slavery more seriously given the recent allegations of the exploitation of international students included in this report.